Education for New India by Chakkaravarthy Rajagoopalachari

Education for  New India
 The lesson “Education for New India” is a speech given by Chakkaravarthy Rajagoopalachari to the university students. He envisages a new and free India with great leaders and thinkers.

            Freedom has given us a new status and new opportunities. It implies that we should discard selfishness, laziness and narrowness of outlook. It suggests that we create new values. It insists on our being so disciplined as to discharge our new responsibilities satisfactorily. Humble and unceasing work should be our watch word. Work is wealth and service is happiness. The greatest crime in India today is idleness which is the root for all our difficulties. Honest work is the fundamental law of progress.
            The habit of respecting other people’s feelings is the next virtue stressed by Rajaji. Our society has different religious faiths, occupations and attainments that may make us live in peace and amity. Our departed leader stresses the law of love as a practical code of life. Greed and fear of defeat in economic competition may create communal illness. To maintain communal amity is the prime work to be done.
            Trained leadership is necessary to manage the affairs of states. According to Rajaji, university education is nothing but a training for leadership. Many are denied this privilege. He adds that the students should remember their obligation of leadership. They should know how to think, speak and to act. They are the moral and cultural army of India. Everyone has to shoulder new responsibility in the field of national activity.
            Regarding the system of examination, he says that less importance should be laid on examinations. The examination is the bitterest form of compulsion. It creates an incurable tendency towards superficiality. He stresses the need for better facilities for study and research than present system of examination.
            There are two problems which cause great worry to our educationists, the problem of religious and moral instruction in a land of many faiths and the problem of variety of languages. We should train our children to love one another and to be helpful to all. They should learn to show tenderness to the lowest animals and think aright. We should evolve a suitable technique and method for sewing the spiritual needs of school children. We should promote mutual respect and helpful co-operation among the different communities in our society.
            As for the languages, mother-tongue should be the medium of instruction for young pupils. Children should learn the language through subjects rather than subjects through the language. The drawback in using a foreign medium are obvious and many. He instructs the students to be patient and kind always. He insists on showing trust in others and having faith that love will prevail.

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